Traumatic brain injuries (TBI), often referred to as head injuries or concussions, are caused by a sudden blow or jolt to the head. When a TBI occurs, normal brain function can be disrupted. Of the more than 1 million TBIs occurring every year, about 75% are concussions or other forms of mild TBI. A mild TBI can be the most difficult to diagnose and treat. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), TBIs are responsible for 52,000 deaths and 275,000 hospitalizations annually. Children under 4 years old, adolescents aged 15 to 19 years, and adults over 65 are most likely to sustain a TBI. Fall injuries result in the greatest number of TBI-related emergency room visits.
DIAGNOSING TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURIES
Because many of the symptoms of mild to moderate TBI are subtle, and because the injury commonly avoids detection by hospital imaging equipment, victims sometimes go undiagnosed for weeks or even months. As a result, TBI victims sometimes begin to experience frustration when they have difficulty with normal activities, like following the plot of a TV show or holding a conversation. In some cases, this frustration can lead to violent behavior. Headaches are common and victims’ senses of smell and taste can be affected. Memory and recall are often impacted as well.
Diagnostic tests such as MRIs, CT-scans, and x-rays are helpful in determining the nature and extent of traumatic brain injuries. Delaying treatment of a TBI can be harmful or even fatal. Prompt treatment, possibly including a full neurological evaluation, is essential when a brain injury or concussion is suspected.
If you or someone you know has symptoms or signs of a TBI, contact PhillyLawsuit for a free consultation. All consultations are strictly confidential and there is never a fee unless we obtain a recovery for you.